- Obesity means having excess body fat. Adults 35 years of age and older with a BMI greater than 30 are obese
- Obesity is not just a cosmetic consideration. It is a chronic medical disease that can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity associated cardiovascular disease such as heart disease, gallstones, and other chronic illnesses
- Obesity is a risk factor for a number of cancers
- Obesity is difficult to treat and has a high relapse rate. Most people who lose weight regain the weight within five years
- Even though medications and diets can help, the treatment of obesity cannot be a short-term “fix” but has to be a lifelong commitment to proper diet habits, increased physical activity, and regular exercise
- The goal of treatment should be to achieve and maintain a “healthier weight,” not necessarily an ideal weight
- Even a modest weight loss of 5%-10% of initial weight and the long-term maintenance of that weight loss can bring significant health benefits by lowering blood pressure and lowering the risks of diabetes and heart disease
- The chances of long-term successful weight loss are enhanced if the doctor works with a team of professionals, including dietitians, psychologists, and exercise professionals
Obesity and Hormones
Hormones are chemical messengers that regulate processes in our body. They are one factor in causing obesity.
A system of glands, known as the endocrine system, secretes hormones into our bloodstream. The endocrine system works with the nervous system and the immune system to help our body cope with different events and stresses. Excesses or deficits of hormones can lead to obesity and, on the other hand, obesity can lead to changes in hormones.
List of Hormones causes Obesity
- Obesity and Leptin
- Obesity and Insulin
- Obesity and sex Hormones
- Obesity and growth Hormone